Flaga ARTAXATA Herb



TAHARAN celi

  1. Unagur celi
    1. Phonology.
      1. Consonants.
      2. Vowels.
        1. Vowel harmony.
      3. Phonotactics.
      4. Accent.
    2. Noun.
      1. Definiteness.
      2. Possessor.
    3. Verb.
      1. Voice.
      2. Primary aspect.
      3. Secondary aspect.
      4. Tense.
      5. Negation
      6. Modal verbs.
      7. Non-finite forms.
    4. Adjectives.
    5. Adverbs.
    6. Numerals.
    7. Pronouns.
      1. Personal pronouns.
      2. Honorifics.
      3. Reflexive, reciprocal and cooperative pronouns.
    8. Prepositions.
      1. Spatials.
      2. Other prepositions.
    9. Particles.
      1. Conjunctions.
      2. Modifiers.
      3. Polarity particles.


Phonology.

Consonants.


IPA
Spelling
/p t c k/
p t c k
/b d ɟ g/
b d y g
/t͡ʃ/

/d͡ʒ/
j
/f s ʃ x h/
f s ḫ h
/v z ʒ ɣ/
v z x
/m n/
m n
/r l/
r l
/j w/
i u

Vowels.


Short vowels
/i y ɯ u/
i ï u
/e ø o/
e o
/a/
a
Long vowels
/iː yː ɯː uː/
ii ïï uu
/eː øː oː/
ee oo
/aː/
aa

Vowel harmony.



Front
Back

Unrounded Rounded Unrounded Rounded
High i /i/ /y/ ï /ɯ/ u /u/
Low e /e/
/ø/ a /ɑ/ o /o/

Phonotactics.

CVCC

C = any consonant
V = any vowel

Accent.

Stress accent on first syllable.

Noun.

Definiteness.


Indefinite
-(e)n
toogen
a mountain
Definite
-(e)t
tooget
the mountain

Possessor.



One possessor
More possessors
1.
mi-
miman
my man
ne-
neman
our man
2.
ti-
timan
thy man
de-
deman
your man
3.
i-
iman
his/her/its man
u-
uman
their man

Verb.

Voice.


Active
-
did
to observe
Medial
-im / -ïm
didim
to observe self
Causative
-aḫ / -eḫ
dideḫ
to show

Primary aspect.


Stative
-es-
dides
to see
Progressive
-
did
to observe

Secondary aspect.


Inceptive
-or / -r
didr
begin to observe
Continuative
-on / -n
didn
still to observe
Pausative
-a / -e
dide
stop to observe
Terminative
-ut / -t
didt
cease to observe

Tense.


Past remote
-ok / -k
didk to observe (long ago)
Past proper
-o / - did to observe (recently)
Non-past
-
did
to observe (present or future)

Negation


lo me did
I am not observing

Modal verbs.


Obligative el- to must
Necessitative neet- to need
Jussive uen- to should
Optative ii- to wish
Desiderative uel- to want
Dubitative kok- to doubt
Potentional
maax-
to may, to might
Hypothetical dit- to would, maybe, perhaps
Eventive
meev-
to could
Permissive les- to let, to permit
Precative raḫ- to request, to please, to ask
Abilitive mot- to can
Originative
en-
to begin

Non-finite forms.


Participle
ka + infinitive
ka didlk
seeing
Gerund
-man / -men
didmen
seeing
Infinitive
-lok / -lk
didlk
to see

Adjectives.


Positive
Comparative
Superlative
-
eeri
good
aam
aam eeri
better
meḫ
meḫ eeri
best
baal
strong
aam baal
stronger
meḫ baal
strongest
farsaqa
equine
aam farsaqa
more equine
meḫ farsaqa
most equine

Adverbs.


Positive
Comparative
Superlative
-
eerie
well
aam
aam eerie
better
meḫ
meḫ eerie
best
baala
strongly
aam baala
stronger
meḫ baala
strongest
farsaqaa
like horse
aam farsaqaa
more like horse
meḫ farsaqaa
most like horse

Numerals.



Cardinal
Ordinal
Multiple
Multiplicative
Rankinging
1.
ine
ineqe
inceren
ingïïr
inerge
2.
pirie




3.
halθa




4.
pøki




5.
kete




6.
maqa




7.
qudï




8.
semie




9.
tamaq




10.
tenq




11.
tenqini




20.
pirietenq




21.
pirietenq ine




100.
deqym




120.
doqum pirietenq




121.
doqum pirietenq




200.
piriedoqum




1.000.
gislem




10.000.
tenq gislem





Pronouns.

Personal pronouns.



l. pojedycza l. mnoga
1. me
I
men
We, but not you
ven
We and you
2. suu
Thou
seen
You
3. il
He, She, It
len
They

Honorifics.


Subjugating
-rii
merii
Equal
-
me
Subjugated
-quun
mequun

Reflexive, reciprocal and cooperative pronouns.


Reflexive ḫe
oneself
Reciprocal moon
each other
Cooperative kïr
together cooperatively

Prepositions.

Spatials.


ha
in, inside
na
on
naḫ
above
pa
under
pi
beside
dal
away
hapïr
between
za
behind
naza
out
hagool
around
ten
before, opposite to
hatïïm
during, in time of
de
after

Other prepositions.


Companion, attributive object is
with
Time
has
in time, while
Creator
tu
by
Place
tere
through, across
Lack eḫ
without
Alternative hat
instead
Contrary ahton
against
Resistance ahïs
despite, though
Stylization hadol
along to, according to
Direction ad
from
Direction da
to, towards
Benefactive
tan
for

Particles.

Conjunctions.


Paratactical conjunctions
Copulative e
and
Conjunctive oo
also
Disjunctive een
or
Contrastive, exceptional taa
but
Consequentive yah
so
Comparative not
than
Resultative
sah
that

Hypotactical conjunctions
per
to, for
yu
althought
r
because
qes
if
soq
that, providing

Modifiers.


Restrictive ner
only
Additive yer
yet

Polarity particles.


Affirmative hay
yes
Negative nah
no





POCZTEK STRONY
CONLANGING
STRONA GWNA
Free Web Hosting